Die Australian Football League (AFL) ist die höchste Spielklasse des Australian Football in Australien und die einzige Profiliga in dieser Sportart. In der AFL. Australian Football, auch als Australian Rules Football, Aussie Rules oder einfach „Football“ oder „Footy“ bezeichnet, ist eine Footballvariante, die mit einem ellipsoidförmigen Ball auf einem großen, elliptischen Spielfeld mit vier Pfosten an. habt ihr schon mal von Australian Football gehört? Nein? Das macht überhaupt nichts, da seid ihr nicht allein. In Australien ist es die Sportart Nummer eins, in.
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September statt. Seitdem gab es jährlich ein Spiel zwischen diesen beiden Teams. Jedoch dürften die in der Partie benutzten Regeln nicht mehr viele Gemeinsamkeiten mit der heutigen Form von Australian Football haben, da Wills nie die Regeln niederschrieb.
Niedergeschrieben am In den Regeln von fehlten einige Regularien, die sehr bald wichtige Elemente des Spiels wurden, wie zum Beispiel das Prellen des Balls während des Rennens.
Wills besuchte, wie auch W. Hammersley und J. Thompson, die Universität von Cambridge. Es wird ebenfalls häufig gesagt, dass Wills teilweise von den Ballspielen der indigenen Aborigines in West Victoria inspiriert wurde.
Dies scheint dem high marking im Australian Football zu entsprechen. Obwohl es auch flüchtigen bzw. Der Historiker B. Das Prellen, der Schuss im Lauf und das Fausten bzw.
In den Tropen wird während der Regenzeit von Oktober bis März gespielt. Vorsaisonale Wettbewerbe in Südaustralien beginnen üblicherweise Ende Februar.
Die meisten haben eine jährliche, semiprofessionelle Vereinsmeisterschaft, während andere mehr als eine Meisterschaft ausrichten.
Lokale, semiprofessionelle oder Amateur- Organisationen und Wettbewerbe sind meistens ihren Länderorganisationen angegliedert. Des Weiteren gibt es einige Verbände, die Amateurligen rund um die Welt betreuen.
So wird vom kleinen Gewinner gesprochen, wenn der erste der Tabelle gemeint ist. Der Titel selbst hat jedoch keine oder nur geringe Bedeutung.
Die Meisterschaft wird immer in einer Finalserie entschieden. Teams auf den vorderen Tabellenplätzen spielen in einem doppelten K.
Die beiden erfolgreichsten Teams treffen im Finale Grand Final aufeinander, indem die Meisterschaft entschieden wird.
Der Gewinner erhält den Meisterpokal. State of Origin also declined in importance, especially after an increasing number of player withdrawals.
State and territorial leagues still contest interstate matches, as do AFL Women players. The AFL signalled further attempts at expansion in the s by hosting home-and-away matches in New Zealand,  followed by China.
The field, like the ball, is oval-shaped, and in Australia, cricket grounds are often used. No more than 18 players of each team or, in AFL Women's 16 players are permitted to be on the field at any time.
Up to four interchange reserve players may be swapped for those on the field at any time during the game. In Australian rules terminology , these players wait for substitution "on the bench"—an area with a row of seats on the sideline.
Players must interchange through a designated interchange "gate" with strict penalties for too many players from one team on the field.
In addition, some leagues have each team designate one player as a substitute who can be used to make a single permanent exchange of players during a game.
There is no offside rule nor are there set positions in the rules; unlike many other forms of football, players from both teams may disperse across the whole field before the start of play.
However, a typical on-field structure consists of six forwards , six defenders or "backmen" and six midfielders , usually two wingmen , one centre and three followers , including a ruckman , ruck-rover and rover.
Only four players from each team are allowed within the centre square 50 metres or 55 yards at every centre bounce, which occurs at the commencement of each quarter, and to restart the game after a goal is scored.
There are also other rules pertaining to allowed player positions during set plays that is, after a mark or free kick and during kick-ins following the scoring of a behind.
A game consists of four-quarters and a timekeeper officiates their duration. At the professional level, each quarter consists of 20 minutes of play, with the clock being stopped for instances such as scores, the ball going out of bounds or at the umpire's discretion, e.
Lower grades of competition might employ shorter quarters of play. The umpire signals time-off to stop the clock for various reasons, such as the player in possession being tackled into stagnant play.
Time resumes when the umpire signals time-on or when the ball is brought into play. Stoppages cause quarters to extend approximately 5—10 minutes beyond the 20 minutes of play.
The official game clock is available only to the timekeeper s , and is not displayed to the players, umpires or spectators. The only public knowledge of game time is when the timekeeper sounds a siren at the start and end of each quarter.
Coaching staff may monitor the game time themselves and convey information to players via on-field trainers or substitute players. Broadcasters usually display an approximation of the official game time for television audiences, although some will now show the exact time remaining in a quarter.
Games are officiated by umpires. Before the game, the winner of a coin toss determines which directions the teams will play to begin.
Australian football begins after the first siren , when the umpire bounces the ball on the ground or throws it into the air if the condition of the ground is poor , and the two ruckmen typically the tallest players from each team battle for the ball in the air on its way back down.
This is known as the ball-up. Certain disputes during play may also be settled with a ball-up from the point of contention. If the ball is kicked or hit from a ball-up or boundary throw-in over the boundary line or into a behind post without the ball bouncing, a free kick is paid for out of bounds on the full.
A free kick is also paid if the ball is deemed by the umpire to have been deliberately carried or directed out of bounds. If the ball travels out of bounds in any other circumstances for example, contested play results in the ball being knocked out of bounds a boundary umpire will stand with his back to the infield and return the ball into play with a throw-in , a high backwards toss back into the field of play.
The ball can be propelled in any direction by way of a foot, clenched fist called a handball or handpass or open-hand tap but it cannot be thrown under any circumstances.
Once a player takes possession of the ball he must dispose of it by either kicking or handballing it. Any other method of disposal is illegal and will result in a free kick to the opposing team.
This is usually called "incorrect disposal", "dropping the ball" or "throwing". If the ball is not in the possession of one player it can be moved on with any part of the body.
Opposition players may bump or tackle the player to obtain the ball and, when tackled, the player must dispose of the ball cleanly or risk being penalised for holding the ball unless the umpire rules no prior opportunity for disposal.
The ball carrier may only be tackled between the shoulders and knees. If the opposition player forcefully contacts a player in the back while performing a tackle, the opposition player will be penalised for a push in the back.
If the opposition tackles the player with possession below the knees a low tackle or a trip or above the shoulders a high tackle , the team with possession of the football gets a free kick.
Alternatively, he may choose to "play on" forfeiting the set shot in the hope of pressing an advantage for his team rather than allowing the opposition to reposition while he prepares for the free kick.
Once a player has chosen to play on, normal play resumes and the player who took the mark is again able to be tackled.
There are different styles of kicking depending on how the ball is held in the hand. The most common style of kicking seen in today's game, principally because of its superior accuracy, is the drop punt , where the ball is dropped from the hands down, almost to the ground, to be kicked so that the ball rotates in a reverse end over end motion as it travels through the air.
Other commonly used kicks are the torpedo punt also known as the spiral, barrel, or screw punt , where the ball is held flatter at an angle across the body, which makes the ball spin around its long axis in the air, resulting in extra distance similar to the traditional motion of an American football punt , and the checkside punt or "banana", kicked across the ball with the outside of the foot used to curve the ball towards the right if kicked off the right foot towards targets that are on an angle.
There is also the "snap", which is almost the same as a checkside punt except that it is kicked off the inside of the foot and curves in the opposite direction.
It is also possible to kick the ball so that it bounces along the ground. This is known as a "grubber". Grubbers can bounce in a straight line, or curve to the left or right.
Apart from free kicks, marks or when the ball is in the possession of an umpire for a ball up or throw in , the ball is always in dispute and any player from either side can take possession of the ball.
A goal , worth 6 points, is scored when the football is propelled through the goal posts at any height including above the height of the posts by way of a kick from the attacking team.
It may fly through "on the full" without touching the ground or bounce through, but must not have been touched, on the way, by any player from either team or a goalpost.
A goal cannot be scored from the foot of an opposition defending player. A behind , worth 1 point, is scored when the ball passes between a goal post and a behind post at any height, or if the ball hits a goal post, or if any player sends the ball between the goal posts by touching it with any part of the body other than a foot.
A behind is also awarded to the attacking team if the ball touches any part of an opposition player, including a foot, before passing between the goal posts.
When an opposition player deliberately scores a behind for the attacking team generally as a last resort to ensure that a goal is not scored this is termed a rushed behind.
As of the AFL season , a free kick is awarded against any player who deliberately rushes a behind. The goal umpire signals a goal with two hands pointed forward at elbow height, or a behind with one hand.
Both goal umpires then wave flags above their heads to communicate this information to the scorers. The team that has scored the most points at the end of play wins the game.
If the scores are level on points at the end of play, then the game is a draw; extra time applies only during finals matches in some competitions.
As an example of a score report, consider a match between Essendon and Melbourne with the former as the home team.
Essendon's score of 11 goals and 14 behinds equates to 80 points. Melbourne's score of 10 goals and 7 behinds equates to a point tally.
Essendon wins the match by a margin of 13 points. Such a result would be written as:. The home team is typically listed first and the visiting side is listed second.
The scoreline is written with respect to the home side. For example, Port Adelaide won in successive weeks, once as the home side and once as the visiting side.
These would be written out thus:. The football season proper is from March to August early autumn to late winter in Australia with finals being held in September and October.
Most of these hold annual semi-professional club competitions while the others oversee more than one league.
Local semi-professional or amateur organisations and competitions are often affiliated to their state organisations. The AFL is the de facto world governing body for Australian football.
There are also a number of affiliated organisations governing amateur clubs and competitions around the world. For almost all Australian football club competitions the aim is to win the Premiership.
There are 7 umpires for Aussie Rules in total. The three main umpires are known as filed umpires and they basically oversee all the decisions on filed such as time keeping, infringements and enforcing the rules.
The two line judges are there to see if the ball goes out of play or not — these judges can also intervene where on filed umpires have missed a decision.
The last two umpires are goal umpires and its their job to signal if a goal has been scored successfully or not.
If the ball is kicked between the two goal posts middle posts then 6 points are awarded. If the ball goes between a goal post and one of the behind posts point then 1 point is awarded.
The rules agreed to by the committee on May 17, , were a compromise between those of several English public schools, notably Winchester, Harrow, and Rugby.
Players were allowed to handle the ball but not to run farther than necessary to kick it. In H. Harrison — , a cousin of Wills, rewrote the rules.
These rules imposed no limit on the number of players, though in the s, 20 men per team became standard. Concerned about the possibility of injury on the hard Australian grounds, players were reluctant to commit to the tackling and hacking kicking or tripping an opponent rules of the Rugby School game, and hacking was banned.
Distinctive aspects of Australian football rapidly appeared. Players could also retain possession of the ball while running, but after some dispute it was agreed in that the player with the ball had to bounce it off the turf at least every 10 metres 33 feet.
Most crucial, and in contrast to other football sports, there was no offside rule, which meant that players from each team were located behind and in front of the ball during play.
By players no longer scored by carrying the ball between goal posts but scored by kicking the ball through them. The centre bounce used by umpires to start games and to restart play after a goal was instituted in and also remains unique to Australian football.Australian Football, auch als Australian Rules Football, Aussie Rules oder einfach „Football“ oder „Footy“ bezeichnet, ist eine Footballvariante, die mit einem ellipsoidförmigen Ball auf einem großen, elliptischen Spielfeld mit vier Pfosten an. Australian Football, auch als Australian Rules Football, Aussie Rules oder einfach „Football“ oder „Footy“ bezeichnet, ist eine Footballvariante, die mit einem. Die Australian Football League (AFL) ist die höchste Spielklasse des Australian Football in Australien und die einzige Profiliga in dieser Sportart. In der AFL. Australian Football, auch als Australian Rules Football, Aussie Rules oder einfach „Football“ oder „Footy“ bezeichnet, ist eine Fußballvariante, die mit einem.